Low Vision Care in Africa

Practical Approaches to Clinical Services, Educational Engagement and Planning.

Childhood blindness is included as one of the main disease programmes under the VISION 2020 Right to Sight initiative. Low vision, whether in children or adults, has received much less attention, however there is a growing interest in addressing this difficult and complex problem. While the global estimates of the prevalence of vision loss in children and the prevalence of low vision remain unclear there has been considerable evidence of a reduction in vitamin A related blindness and infectious causes of blindness in children. most of these causes lead to total blindness as opposed to low vision and it is unlikely that reductions in these causes of blindness has had much impact on the prevalence of low vision in children.

This manual has been developed with the providers and planners in mind; it is an attempt to provide those individuals at hospitals, training schools, and other settings with the knowledge and understanding of implementing low vision within an overall VISION 2020 programme. While the focus is primarily on children, this manual can also assist programmes to manage the low vision needs of adults. In this manual we are not trying to create an advocacy tool but some of the messages in the planning session can be adapted for this purpose.